Everyday disaster measures:
Find the safest point in your apartment/house and store enough drinking water per person for about three days (2-3 litres per person per day). Pack a small rucksack with essentials such as warm clothing, a torch, batteries, drinking water, matches, personal documentation, money, candles, dried and/or tinned food, mobile, medication/first aid, and other required items.
Note emergency contact numbers and have copies.
Locate nearest temporary emergency shelter and hospital – Inquire at Disaster Prevention Society or Neighborhood Association (chonai-kai) in your area to confirm the whereabouts of your nearest temporal emergency shelter.
List of Kyoto City Regional Refuge Area- http://www.city.kyoto.lg.jp/shobo/page/0000096195.html
When a large earthquake occurs:
Don’t panic. Call to your neighbours and try to keep in constant contact so that information is passed effectively.
Switch off all gas and electricity immediately. Extinguish fire if one breaks out before proceeding to find an exit.
Pack light, take only what you need – helpful if you already have an evacuation kit on hand.
Find a secure exit (windows and doors). Do not rush out of the exit, especially if there is only one viable route. Be aware and watch for falling tiles, or other materials.
Try to stay in large, open areas when possible, as narrow streets and areas with a cliff like drop can be very dangerous. Keep an eye out for landslides if you reside in a mountainous or high built area.
Attempt to obtain accurate information regarding aftershocks and possible tsunami warnings.
Try to help those who may have difficulties in evacuating.
Organize yourself at a muster point, usually a local school or hospital that is still viable after the quake and wait for instructions from disaster relief workers.
If you cannot return to your place of residence after an earthquake, inform your consulate/embassy, place of employment and school to confirm your safety and whereabouts.
Useful things to note –
Saigai-yo Dengon Dial Service (Dial 171) – when disasters occur, phonelines can be knocked out. This allows people outside of the affected area to listen to messages recorded by the people within the affected area in regards to their safety and send messages back, like a voice recorded message board.
Kyoto City International Community Center’s “Multilingual Useful Information” mailing list- http://www.kcif.or.jp/MMD/accept_mails
Multi-language disaster prevention site for mobile telephones- http://josef.jp
Kyoto City Civic Center for Disaster Prevention- http://web.kyoto-inet.or.jp/org/bousai_s/